Statistics: United States
- An estimated 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV, and about 15% of those don’t know they are infected.
- Of the U.S. population living with HIV, almost half are virally suppressed.
- There were 39,782 new HIV diagnoses in 2016.
- In 2016, Southern states accounted for more than half of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S., despite making up just 38% of the overall U.S. population.
- African Americans accounted for 44% of HIV diagnoses in 2016, although they comprise only 12% of the population.
- In 2016, 18,160 people were diagnosed with AIDS. There were 6,721 AIDS-related deaths in 2014.
Gay and Bisexual Men
- In 2016, gay and bisexual men accounted for 83% of HIV diagnoses among males, although they comprise only 4% of the U.S. male population.
- At the end of 2014, an estimated 615,400 gay and bisexual men were living with HIV. One in 6 were unaware of their infection.
- African American gay and bisexual men account for the largest number of HIV diagnoses.
- Gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24 accounted for 92% of new HIV diagnoses among all men in their age group and 27% of new diagnoses among all gay and bisexual men in 2015.
- Gay and bisexual men accounted for 55% of AIDS diagnoses in 2015.
HIV in Women
- Approximately one quarter of people living with HIV in the United States are women.
- Women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2016. Of these, 87% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 12% to injection drug use. Among white women, in 2015 32% of new HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.
- The number of annual HIV diagnoses in women declined 16% from 2011 to 2015.
- Among all women diagnosed with HIV in 2015, 61% were African American, 19% were white, and 15% were Hispanic/Latina.
- African Americans and Hispanics represent 31% of people in the U.S. but they account for approximately 77% of women living with HIV.
HIV in Young People
- Youth aged 13 to 24 accounted for more than 1 in 5 new HIV diagnoses in 2015.
- Gay and bisexual males accounted for 81% of new HIV diagnoses among youth in 2015; however, estimated annual HIV infections declined 18% in younger gay and bisexual males from 2008 to 2014.
- Among people aged 13-24, an estimated 44% of those living with HIV at the end of 2015 didn’t know they were infected.
- Among youth who were diagnosed with HIV in 2014, 68% were linked to care within 1 month—the lowest rate of any age group.
- In 2015, 1,489 people aged 13-24 were diagnosed with AIDS, representing 8% of total AIDS diagnoses that year. In 2014, 117 young people died from AIDS-related causes.
Sources: HIV in the United States: At a Glance; HIV in the United States by Geography; HIV Among Women; HIV Among Youth; Statistics Overview; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(Last updated: December 2017)