amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS

Statistics - Women and HIV - AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID

In the United States 

  • Women accounted for roughly one in five new HIV diagnoses in 2014. Of these, 87% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 13% to injection drug use.

  • The proportion of AIDS diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since the early days of the epidemic, from 7% in 1985 to 25% in 2014.

  • Approximately one in four people living with HIV are women.

  • Of the total estimated number of women living with diagnosed HIV in 2015, 61% were African American.

  • African Americans and Hispanics represent 30% of all women in the U.S. but they account for approximately 80% of HIV cases among women.

  • In 2014, three and a half times as many black women were diagnosed with HIV as white women.

  • In 2015, black women were approximately 16 times more likely to receive a diagnosis of HIV infection than were white women.

Around the Globe 

  • In 2015, there were an estimated 17.8 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 51% of all adults living with HIV.

  • HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age, (aged 15–44)

  • In 2015, of the total estimated 1.9 million new HIV infections globally, 47% were among women.

  • In 2015, 7,500 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the vast majority in southern Africa.

  • In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.

  • In 2015, almost 8 out of 10 pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.


U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, March 2016; 2015 Progress Report on the Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive; UNAIDS 2016-2021 Strategy: On the Fast-Track to end AIDS; Get on the Fast-Track: The life-cycle approach to HIV; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Surveillance Reports

(Last updated February 2017)