Women and HIV/AIDS
In the United
- Women account for one in four
new HIV diagnoses and deaths caused by AIDS.
- The proportion of AIDS
diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since 1985.
- The vast majority of women
diagnosed with HIV contracted the virus through heterosexual sex.
- African Americans constituted
64 percent of women diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in 2009.
- African Americans and Hispanics
represent 26 percent of all women in the U.S. but they account for 82
percent of AIDS cases among women.
- African-American women have an
HIV prevalence rate nearly 15 times that of white women.
Around the Globe
- Worldwide, women constitute
more than half of all people living with HIV/AIDS.
- For women in their reproductive
years (15–49), HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death.
- Women are at least twice as
likely to acquire HIV from men during sexual intercourse than vice versa.
- A study in South Africa
recently suggested that nearly one in seven cases of young women acquiring
HIV could have been prevented if the women had not been subjected to
intimate partner violence.
- In 2011, 57 percent of pregnant women
living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries received effective
drug regimens to prevent new HIV infections among children.
- In sub-Saharan Africa, women
constitute 58 percent of all people living with HIV/AIDS.
- Among young people aged 15-24,
the HIV prevalence rate for young women is twice that of young men.
Sources: UNAIDS World AIDS Day Report 2012; UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2012;
Kaiser Family Foundation; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.