amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS

Statistics - Women and HIV - AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID

In the United States 

  • Women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2015. Of these, 86% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 13% to injection drug use. But among white women, 32% of new HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.

  • The proportion of AIDS diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since the early days of the epidemic, from 7% in 1985 to 24% in 2015.

  • Approximately one in four people living with HIV are women.

  • Of the total estimated number of women living with diagnosed HIV at the end of 2014, 60% were African American, 17% were white, and 17% were Hispanic/Latina.

  • African Americans and Hispanics represent 31% of people in the U.S. but they account for approximately 77% of women living with HIV.

Around the Globe 

  • In 2016, there were an estimated 17.8 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 51% of all adults living with HIV.

  • HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (aged 15–44).

  • In 2016, of the total estimated 1.8 million new HIV infections globally, almost 43% were among women.

  • In 2016, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 44% higher than they were among men in the same age group.

  • In 2016, 11,655 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.

  • In 2016, around 76% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.

Sources:
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Among Women, March 2017
U.S. Census Bureau, July 2016
UNAIDS Fact Sheet July 2017: Global HIV Statistics
UNAIDS Data 2017
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2017

(Last updated August 2017)