amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS

Statistics - Women and HIV - AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID

In the United States 

  • Women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2015. Of these, 86% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 13% to injection drug use. But among white women, 32% of new HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.

  • The proportion of AIDS diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since the early days of the epidemic, from 7% in 1985 to 24% in 2015.

  • Approximately one in four people living with HIV are women.

  • Of the total estimated number of women living with diagnosed HIV at the end of 2014, 60% were African American, 17% were white, and 17% were Hispanic/Latina.

  • African Americans and Hispanics represent 31% of people in the U.S. but they account for approximately 77% of women living with HIV.

Around the Globe 

  • In 2016, there were an estimated 17.8 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 51% of all adults living with HIV.

  • HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (aged 15–44).

  • In 2016, of the total estimated 1.8 million new HIV infections globally, almost 43% were among women.

  • In 2016, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 44% higher than they were among men in the same age group.

  • In 2016, 11,655 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.

  • In 2016, around 76% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV Among Women, March 2017
U.S. Census Bureau, July 2016
UNAIDS Fact Sheet July 2017: Global HIV Statistics
UNAIDS Data 2017
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2017

(Last updated August 2017)