- In 2016, 36.7 million people were living with HIV.
- In 2017, about 20.9 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy, up from 17.1 million in 2015 and 7.7 million in 2010.
- In 2016, 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV. This represents a decline in annual new infections of 16% since 2010, a pace far too slow to reach the United Nations’ Fast-Track Target of fewer than 500,000 new infections per year by 2020.
- Since the beginning of the pandemic, 76.1 million people have contracted HIV and 35 million have died of AIDS-related illnesses.
- Annual deaths from AIDS-related causes have declined 48% over the past 10 years, from 1.9 million in 2005 to 1.0 million in 2016.
- Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 17 million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS.
HIV in Key Populations
- Outside of sub-Saharan Africa, key populations (men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, transgender people, sex workers) and their sexual partners accounted for 80% of new HIV infections in 2015.
- Even in sub-Saharan Africa, key populations and their sexual partners account for 25% of new HIV infections.
- Globally, gay men and other men who have sex with men accounted for 12% of new infections in 2015, while sex workers and people who inject drugs accounted for 5% and 8% of new infections, respectively. Clients of sex workers and other sexual partners of key populations accounted for 18% of new infections, and transgender people accounted for at least 1%.
HIV in Children
- In 2016, there were 2.1 million children below the age of 15 living with HIV.
- New HIV infections among children under the age of 15 declined by 47% from 2010 to 2016, from 300,000 to 160,000. However, about 160 000 children acquired HIV during childbirth or breastfeeding in 2016.
- In 2016, although about 54% of adults aged 15 years and older living with HIV had access to treatment, just 43% of children had access.
- There were 120,000 AIDS-related deaths among children below the age of 15 in 2016.
HIV in Women
- In 2016, there were an estimated 17.8 million women living with HIV, constituting 51% of all adults living with HIV.
- In 2016, almost 43% of the estimated 1.8 million new HIV infections globally were among women.
- In 2016, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 44% higher than among men in the same age group.
- In 2016, around 76% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.
- AIDS-related illnesses remain the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) globally, and they are the second leading cause of death for young women aged 15–24 years in Africa.
The Regional Picture
Asia and the Pacific
In 2016, an estimated 270,000 people in Asia and the Pacific became newly infected with HIV, bringing the total number of people living with HIV in the region to 5.1 million. AIDS-related illnesses claimed 170,000 lives.
The Philippines experienced a 141% increase in new HIV infections between 2010 and 2016 at the same time that new infections globally declined by 11%. And of 620,000 people living with HIV in Indonesia, only 12% of adults and 21% of children are on treatment. Poor access to treatment has fueled a 69% increase in AIDS-related deaths since 2010, compared to a 33% global decline.
Eastern and Southern Africa
In 2016, there were 19.4 million people living with HIV in East and southern Africa —more than half of all people living with HIV in the world—and an estimated 790,000 new infections. The region accounts for 43% of the global total of new HIV infections. More than half of people living with HIV in East and southern Africa are women and girls. In 2016, about 420,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.
However, progress in this region has been remarkable in recent years. The number of people on treatment surpassed all other regions combined in 2010 and now accounts for 60% of all people on treatment. From 2010 to 2016, new HIV infections among children were reduced by 56%.
Western and Central Africa
In 2016, there were 6.1 million people—women accounted for 56% of that number—living with HIV in Western and Central Africa, and an estimated 370,000 new HIV infections. AIDS claimed 310,000 lives.
Middle East and North Africa
In 2016, there were 230,000 people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa and an estimated 18,000 new infections. AIDS-related illnesses claimed 11,000 lives. The region has very low rates of antiretroviral coverage: Just 24% for adults and 27% for children.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
In 2016, an estimated 190,000 people in Eastern Europe and central Asia became newly infected, bringing the number of people living with HIV in the region to 1.6 million. AIDS claimed 40,000 lives. Between 2010 and 2016, new HIV infections increased 60% and the number of AIDS-related deaths grew by 27%.
Western and Central Europe and North America
In 2016, there were 2.1 million people living with HIV in Western and central Europe and North America and an estimated 73,000 new HIV infections. In these regions, 18,000 people died of AIDS-related causes.
Latin America and the Caribbean
In 2016, there were an estimated 115,000 new HIV infections in Latin America and the Caribbean and 45,400 AIDS-related deaths. There were 2.1 million people in the region living with HIV.
Sources: UNAIDS Fact Sheet July 2017
UNAIDS Fact Sheet July 2017: Global HIV Statistics
UNAIDS Data 2017
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2017
UNAIDS announces nearly 21 million people living with HIV now on treatment
UNAIDS 2017: Right to Health