Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID
In the United States
Women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2016. Of these, 87% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 12% to injection drug use. But among white women, 28% of new HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.
The proportion of AIDS diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since the early days of the epidemic, from 7% in 1985 to 24% in 2016.
Approximately one in four people living with HIV are women.
Of the total estimated number of women living with diagnosed HIV at the end of 2015, 59% were African American, 19% were Hispanic/Latina, and 17% were white.
African Americans and Hispanics represent 30% of people in the U.S. but they account for approximately 78% of women living with HIV.
Around the Globe
In 2017, there were an estimated 18.2 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 52% of all adults living with HIV.
HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (aged 15–49).
In 2017, of the total estimated 1.6 million new HIV infections in adults globally, almost 48% were among women.
In 2017, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 42% higher than they were among men in the same age group.
In 2016, 6,548 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.
In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.
In 2017, around 80% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.
UNAIDS Fact Sheet—July 2018
UNAIDS Data 2018
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2018: Miles to go—closing gaps, breaking barriers, righting injustices
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Women, July 2018
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos, February 2018
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among African Americans, July 2018
(Last updated September 2018)