Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID
In the United States
- Approximately one in four people living with HIV in the United States are women. One in nine of them are unaware of their status.
- Adult and adolescent women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2018. Of these, 85% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 15% to injection drug use.
- The number of annual HIV diagnoses in women declined 23% from 2010 to 2017. New HIV diagnoses declined 27% among African-American women and 23% among Latinas, but remained stable among white women. New HIV diagnoses declined among women of all ages except in those over 55; in that age group the rate of new diagnoses remained stable.
- Among all women diagnosed with HIV in 2018, 57% were African American, 21% were white, and 18% were Hispanic/Latina.
Around the Globe
- In 2019, an estimated 19.2 million women were living with HIV, constituting more than half of all adults aged 15 and over living with HIV.
- About 48% of the estimated 1.7 million new HIV infections in adults globally were among women in 2019.
- In sub-Saharan Africa, women and girls account for 59% of all new HIV infections. Five in six new infections among adolescents (aged 15–24 years) are among girls—young women aged 15–24 years are twice as likely to be living with HIV than men.
- More than one in three women globally have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner or sexual violence by a non-partner. In some regions, women who have experienced violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who have not experienced such violence in their lives.
- In 2019, around 85% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among Women Updated May 2020. Accessed July 2020.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos Updated February 2020. Accessed July 2020. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among African Americans Updated May 2020. Accessed July 2020.
UNAIDS. Fact Sheet—Global AIDS Update 2020. Published July 2020. Accessed July 2020.
UNAIDS. Seizing the Moment—Global AIDS Update 2020. Published July 2020. Accessed July 2020.
UNAIDS. Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free. Published July 2020. Accessed July 2020.
UNAIDS. AIDSinfo. Updated July 2020. Accessed July 2020.
(Last updated August 2020)