Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID
In the United States
- Approximately 23% of people living with HIV in the United States are women. About one in nine of them are unaware of their status,
- Adult and adolescent women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2017. Of these, 86% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 14% to injection drug use.
- The number of annual HIV diagnoses in women declined 21% from 2010 to 2016. New HIV diagnoses declined 25% among African-American women and 20% among Latinas, but remained stable among white women. New HIV diagnoses declined among women of all ages except in those over 55; in that age group the rate of new diagnoses remained stable.
- Among all women diagnosed with HIV in 2017, 59% were African American, 20% were white, and 16% were Hispanic/Latina.
Around the Globe
- In 2017, there were an estimated 18.2 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 52% of all adults living with HIV.
- HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (aged 15–49).
- In 2017, of the total estimated 1.6 million new HIV infections in adults globally, almost 48% were among women.
- In 2017, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 42% higher than they were among men in the same age group.
- In 2016, 6,548 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.
- In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.
- In 2017, around 80% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.
UNAIDS Fact Sheet—July 2018
UNAIDS Data 2018
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2018: Miles to go—closing gaps, breaking barriers, righting injustices
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Women
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among African Americans
(Last updated June 2019)