amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS

Statistics - Women and HIV - AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID

 

In the United States
 

  • Approximately 23% of people living with HIV in the United States are women. About one in nine of them are unaware of their status,
  • Adult and adolescent women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2017. Of these, 86% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 14% to injection drug use.
  • The number of annual HIV diagnoses in women declined 21% from 2010 to 2016. New HIV diagnoses declined 25% among African-American women and 20% among Latinas, but remained stable among white women. New HIV diagnoses declined among women of all ages except in those over 55; in that age group the rate of new diagnoses remained stable.
  • Among all women diagnosed with HIV in 2017, 59% were African American, 20% were white, and 16% were Hispanic/Latina.

Around the Globe
 

  • In 2018, there were an estimated 18.8 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 52% of all adults living with HIV.
  • In 2018, more than 46% of the estimated 1.6 million new HIV infections in adults globally were among women.
  • In 2018, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 55% higher than among men in the same age group.
  • In 2018, 6,200 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, 80% of new infections among young people aged 15–24 years are in girls. Young women aged 15–24 years are twice as likely to be living with HIV compared with men of the same age.
  • In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.
  • In 2018, 82% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.

Sources:

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among Women Updated March 2019. Accessed August 2019.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos Updated November 2018. Accessed August 2019.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Among African Americans Updated March 2019. Accessed August 2019.
UNAIDS. Fact Sheet—Global AIDS Update 2019 Published July 2019. Accessed July 2019.
UNAIDS. Communities at the Center—UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2019. Published July 2019. Accessed July 2019.
UNAIDS. AIDSinfo. Updated July 2019. Accessed August 2019.

(Last updated August 2019)