amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

Statistics: Women and HIV/AIDS

Statistics - Women and HIV - AIDS
Photo by Jason Pini/AusAID

In the United States

  • Women accounted for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in 2016. Of these, 87% were attributed to heterosexual sex and 12% to injection drug use. But among white women, 28% of new HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.

  • The proportion of AIDS diagnoses reported among women has more than tripled since the early days of the epidemic, from 7% in 1985 to 24% in 2016.

  • Approximately one in four people living with HIV are women.

  • Of the total estimated number of women living with diagnosed HIV at the end of 2015, 59% were African American, 19% were Hispanic/Latina, and 17% were white.

  • African Americans and Hispanics represent 30% of people in the U.S. but they account for approximately 78% of women living with HIV.

Around the Globe

  • In 2017, there were an estimated 18.2 million women living with HIV (aged 15 and older), constituting 52% of all adults living with HIV.

  • HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (aged 15–49).

  • In 2017, of the total estimated 1.6 million new HIV infections in adults globally, almost 48% were among women.

  • In 2017, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 42% higher than they were among men in the same age group.

  • In 2016, 6,548 teenagers and young women between the ages of 15 and 24 were infected with HIV every week, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • In some regions, women who are exposed to intimate partner violence are 50% more likely to acquire HIV than women who are not exposed.

  • In 2017, around 80% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.

UNAIDS Fact Sheet—July 2018
UNAIDS Data 2018
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2018: Miles to go—closing gaps, breaking barriers, righting injustices 
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Women, July 2018
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos, February 2018
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Among African Americans, July 2018

(Last updated September 2018)