- In 2017, 36.9 million people were living with HIV.
- In 2017, about 21.7 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy, up from 17.2 million in 2015 and 8 million in 2010.
- In 2017, 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV. This represents a decline in annual new infections of 18% since 2010, a pace far too slow to reach the United Nations’ Fast-Track Target of fewer than 500,000 new infections per year by 2020.
- In some 50 countries of the world, new HIV infections are increasing.
- Since the beginning of the pandemic, 77.3 million people have contracted HIV and 35.4 million have died of AIDS-related illnesses.
- Annual deaths from AIDS-related causes have declined almost 48% over the past 10 years, from 1.8 million in 2007 to 940,000 in 2017. But the current pace of decline is not fast enough to reach the 2020 target of fewer than 500,000 AIDS-related deaths.
- Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 17 million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS.
HIV in Key Populations
- Approximately 47% of new HIV infections globally in 2017 were among key populations (men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender people) and their sexual partners.
- The risk of HIV acquisition among gay men and other men who have sex with men was 28 times higher in 2017 than among heterosexual men.
- The risk of acquiring HIV for people who inject drugs was 22 times higher than for people who do not inject drugs, 13 times higher for female sex workers than adult women aged 15–49 years, and 13 times higher for transgender women than adults aged 15–49 years.
HIV in Children
- In 2017, there were 1.8 million children below the age of 15 living with HIV.
- New HIV infections among children under the age of 15 declined by 35% from 2010 to 2017, from 270,000 to 180,000.
- In 2017, while 59% of adults aged 15 and older living with HIV had access to treatment, just 52% of children had access.
- There were 110,000 AIDS-related deaths among children below the age of 15 in 2017.
- HIV remains among the top ten leading causes of death among adolescents (aged 10–19 years).
HIV in Women
- AIDS-related illnesses remain the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) globally.
- In 2017, an estimated 18.2 million women were living with HIV, constituting 52% of all adults living with HIV.
- In 2017, almost 48% of the estimated 1.6 million new HIV infections in adults globally were among women.
- In 2017, new infections among young women (aged 15–24 years) were 42% higher than among men in the same age group.
- In 2017, around 80% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.
The Regional Picture
Asia and the Pacific
In 2017, an estimated 280,000 people in Asia and the Pacific became newly infected with HIV, bringing the total number of people living with HIV in the region to 5.2 million. AIDS-related illnesses claimed 170,000 lives.
The Philippines experienced a 173% increase in annual new HIV infections between 2010 and 2017 at the same time that new infections globally declined by 18%. And of 630,000 people living with HIV in Indonesia, only 14% of adults and 25% of children are on treatment. Poor access to treatment has fueled a 70% increase in AIDS-related deaths since 2010, compared to a 33% global decline.
Eastern and Southern Africa
In 2017, there were 19.6 million people living with HIV in East and Southern Africa —more than half of all people living with HIV in the world—and an estimated 800,000 new infections. The region accounts for 44% of new HIV infections worldwide. More than half of people living with HIV in East and Southern Africa are women and girls. In 2017, about 380,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.
However, progress in this region has been remarkable in recent years. The number of people on treatment surpassed all other regions combined in 2010 and now accounts for 59% of all people on treatment. From 2010 to 2017, new HIV infections among children declined by 43%.
Western and Central Africa
In 2017, there were 6.1 million people living with HIV in Western and Central Africa. Women accounted for 59% of adults 15 years of age and older living with HIV in the region, and outnumbered men living with HIV in all age categories. The region saw an estimated 370,000 new HIV infections and 280,000 AIDS-related deaths.
Middle East and North Africa
In 2017, there were 220,000 people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa and an estimated 18,000 new infections. AIDS-related illnesses claimed 9,800 lives. The region has very low rates of antiretroviral coverage: just 29% for adults and 35% for children.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
In 2017, an estimated 130,000 people in Eastern Europe and central Asia became newly infected, bringing the number of people living with HIV in the region to 1.4 million. AIDS claimed 34,000 lives. Between 2010 and 2017, new HIV infections increased 30%.
Western and Central Europe and North America
In 2017, there were 2.2 million people living with HIV in Western and central Europe and North America and an estimated 70,000 new HIV infections. In these regions, 13,000 people died of AIDS-related causes.
Latin America and the Caribbean
In 2017, there were an estimated 115,000 new HIV infections in Latin America and the Caribbean and 47,000 AIDS-related deaths. There were 2.1 million people in these regions living with HIV.
UNAIDS Fact Sheet—July 2018
UNAIDS Data 2018
UNAIDS Global AIDS Update 2018: Miles to go—closing gaps, breaking barriers, righting injustices
USAID: Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS
UNAIDS 2017: Right to Health